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    The dataset on Natura 2000 sites was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network. It is entirely based on spatial data from the European Environmental Agency (EEA), plus additional info, links and selected EEA data joined to the feature attributes, as well as a calculation by Cogea of marine and coastal location of features. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs). The dataset covers the whole EU. Following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, it ceased to be part of the EEA’s institutional networks and governance. In the webmap the EEA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) marine sites, i.e. sites with a marine area percentage higher than 0 (as calculated by the EEA) and (ii) sites that, even if not identified as marine by the EEA, intersect the EEA coastline or that are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline (using a 1 km inner buffer from the EEA coastline). In both cases the COAST_MAR field value=1. The EEA coastline dataset is available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2. Compared with the previous version, this one includes the updated dataset 'Natura 2000 End 2020', published by the EEA in July 2021. For further information (e.g. biogeographic region, directive, habitats, sites, impact, management, species and metadata) please visit the EEA's website hosting the Natura 2000 tabular data.

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    FAO Major Fishing Areas for Statistical Purposes are arbitrary areas, the boundaries of which were determined in consultation with international fishery agencies on various considerations, including (i) the boundary of natural regions and the natural divisions of oceans and seas; (ii) the boundaries of adjacent statistical fisheries bodies already established in inter-governmental conventions and treaties; (iii) existing national practices; (iv) national boundaries; (v) the longitude and latitude grid system; (vi) the distribution of the aquatic fauna; and (vii) the distribution of the resources and the environmental conditions within an area. The rationale of the FAO Major Fishing Areas has been that the areas should, as far as possible, coincide with the areas of competence of other fishery commissions when existing. This system facilitates comparison of data, and improves the possibilities of cooperation in statistical matters in general.

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    The Common Database on Designated Areas (CDDA) was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network. It is entirely based on GIS Data from the European Environmental Agency's (EEA), plus external links and selected EEA tabular data joined by Cogea to the feature attributes, as well as a calculation by Cogea of marine and coastal location of features.The CDDA is commonly known as 'Nationally designated areas'. The data for the nationally designated protected areas inventory (CDDA) is delivered by the Eionet partnership countries as spatial and tabular information. The inventory began in 1995 under the CORINE programme of the European Commission. The CDDA is now an agreed annual Eionet core data flow maintained by the European Environment Agency (EEA) with support from the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC/BD). The dataset is used by the EEA and e.g. the UNEP-WCMC for their main European and global assessments, products and services. The CDDA is the official source of protected area information from the 38 European countries to the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA). Following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, it ceased to be part of the EEA’s institutional networks and governance. The CDDA data can be queried online in the European Nature Information System (EUNIS).The whole dataset is available for download on the EMODnet Human Activities portal. In the webmap the EEA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) marine areas, i.e. areas with a marine percentage higher than 0 and/or a marine "ecotype" (as calculated or reported by the EEA) and (ii) areas that, even if not identified as marine by the EEA, intersect the coastline or that are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline. In both cases the coast_mar field value=1. The coastline datasets are available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2 for continental areas, at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/gisco/geodata/reference-data/administrative-units-statistical-units/countries#countries20 for areas in overseas entities. Geographical coverage of GIS vector boundary data: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites reported by Estonia, Ireland and Turkey. Compared with the previous release, this one includes the updated dataset 'CDDA_2021_v01_public', published by the EEA in June 2021. For further information please visit the EEA's website.

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    The Route Density Map at 1 km resolution was created by EMSA in 2019 and made available on EMODnet Human Activities, an initiative funded by the EU Commission.

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    The database on Ocean Energy projects in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points representing Ocean Energy project sites in the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: site code (ID_1), project code (ID), name, location, country, sea basin, distance to coast (metres), resource type (wave, tidal, salinity gradient, wave/wind), starting year, ending year, lease status, technology (Based on www.aquaret.com/), device, device scale (Full scale, prototype, etc.), project scale (Commercial, Demonstrator Array, etc.), project status (operational, completed, etc.), project capacity (KW), promoter, position info (it indicates if the attribute value is original from the source or has been estimated or calcultated the polygon centroid) and the studies conducted for the environmental assessment (EIA). In 2021, new data has been included and existing data has been updated.

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    The database on dumped munitions in the EU was created in 2018 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources. It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points and/or (where available) polygons representing dumped munitions sites in the European sea basins. Each point or polygon has the following attributes (where available): Munition type (Conventional and/or Chemical), Munition description, Information provider, Update date and distance to coast (metres). The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in.

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    The database on fishing effort in the EU waters was created in 2020 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the elaboration of the Economic and Transversal data (19-06 - AER, Version 1.2) of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) of the EU Commission (JRC). STECF data have been related to georeferenced FAO's fishing statistical areas and to Geographical subareas (GSAs) of the FAO's General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). Days at sea, Fishing days, GT fishing days, kW fishing days data are provided for each available FAO fishing statistical area and GSA, by year of reference, Country, fishing technology, vessel length classes, supra region and geographical indicator. The dataset is updated yearly, as soon as new data from STECF are released. It covers a time series from 2008 to 2018.

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    The database on freshwater aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of freshwater finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Scotland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected in Norway only at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. The data for Spain is available through WMS services. There is a pending request to have access to the full data in order to integrate it to the EMODnet dataset. Each point has the following attributes (where available): status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal), country, owner name, farm type (Carp, Diversified pond fish, Eel, Other diversified, Other specialised, Salmonids, Sturgeon, Trout), production method (Closed systems (recirculation), Ponds, Tanks-Raceways, Cages, Quarantine facility, Research facility, Other), production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Put and take fisheries, Restoration of wild stock, Processing facility, Other), purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other), Species from Source (English translation of the information provided on species grown in the source), point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), site_id. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Carps, barbels and other cyprinids; Miscellaneous freshwater fishes; River eels; Salmons, trouts, smelts; Sturgeons, paddlefishes; Tilapias and other cichlids), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown. Data from Belgium, Estonia, France and Lithuania have been added.

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    The database on marine finfish aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of marine finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Ireland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected only in Norway and the UK (Scotland only) at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Cyprus, Danmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Malta, Norway, Spain and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. Each point has the following attributes (where available): Country, Owner name, Status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal, n.a.), Farm type (Flatfish, Diversified farm, Other specialised farm, Salmon, Salmonids, Seabass-seabream, Trout,Tuna, n.a.), Production method (Sea cages, Saltwater tanks/raceways, Saltwater ponds, Saltwater closed (recirculation), Quarantine, Other, n.a.), Production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Reproduction, Restoration of wild stock, Put and take fisheries, Processing facility, Salughtering facility, Other, n.a.), Purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other, n.a.), Products detailed (detailed product information names as presented in the source and translated to English), Point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), Site_ID. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Cods, hakes, haddocks; Flounders, halibuts, soles; Miscellaneous coastal fishes, Miscellaneous demersal fishes; Miscellaneous pelagic fishes; Salmons, trouts, smelts;Tunas, bonitos, billfishes), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown.

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    The geodatabase on dredging in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points representing dredging sites in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: Id (Identifier), Position Information (e.g.: Estimated, Original, Polygon centroid of dredging area, Polygon centroid of dredging polygon), Country, Sea basin, Sea, Extraction Area, Year (when data is for a time period, the first year of the period is indicated), Permitted Amount (m3), Permitted Amount (t), Extracted Amount (m3), Extracted Amount (t), Extraction Type (e.g.: Harbour dredging, Estuary dredging, Sea lane), Purpose (e.g.: Maintenance dredging, Capital dredging, Others), End Use (e.g.: Beach nourishment, Commercialization, Confined deposit, Construction material, Embankment, Filling material, Land deposit, Reuse, Sea disposal, Wetland restoration), Material type (e.g.: silt, sand, gravel), Notes, Link to Web Sources.In the 2021 update, extraction data until 2019 has been included.