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farming

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    The database on freshwater aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of freshwater finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Scotland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected in Norway only at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. The data for Spain is available through WMS services. There is a pending request to have access to the full data in order to integrate it to the EMODnet dataset. Each point has the following attributes (where available): status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal), country, owner name, farm type (Carp, Diversified pond fish, Eel, Other diversified, Other specialised, Salmonids, Sturgeon, Trout), production method (Closed systems (recirculation), Ponds, Tanks-Raceways, Cages, Quarantine facility, Research facility, Other), production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Put and take fisheries, Restoration of wild stock, Processing facility, Other), purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other), Species from Source (English translation of the information provided on species grown in the source), point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), site_id. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Carps, barbels and other cyprinids; Miscellaneous freshwater fishes; River eels; Salmons, trouts, smelts; Sturgeons, paddlefishes; Tilapias and other cichlids), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown. Data from Belgium, Estonia, France and Lithuania have been added.

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    The database on marine finfish aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of marine finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Ireland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected only in Norway and the UK (Scotland only) at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Cyprus, Danmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Malta, Norway, Spain and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. Each point has the following attributes (where available): Country, Owner name, Status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal, n.a.), Farm type (Flatfish, Diversified farm, Other specialised farm, Salmon, Salmonids, Seabass-seabream, Trout,Tuna, n.a.), Production method (Sea cages, Saltwater tanks/raceways, Saltwater ponds, Saltwater closed (recirculation), Quarantine, Other, n.a.), Production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Reproduction, Restoration of wild stock, Put and take fisheries, Processing facility, Salughtering facility, Other, n.a.), Purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other, n.a.), Products detailed (detailed product information names as presented in the source and translated to English), Point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), Site_ID. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Cods, hakes, haddocks; Flounders, halibuts, soles; Miscellaneous coastal fishes, Miscellaneous demersal fishes; Miscellaneous pelagic fishes; Salmons, trouts, smelts;Tunas, bonitos, billfishes), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown.

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    The database on shellfish aquaculture in the EU was created in 2014 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by national sources across the EU (plus Norway) and by the project Euroshell. Data are available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points representing shellfish farms or shellfish production areas (depending on available data) in the following countries: Bulgaria, Denmark, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway and United Kingdom. Spanish data is provided separately through WMS services. Data is missing for Germany, Portugal, Sweden, Croatia and Slovenia. Except for Germany, the shellfish production remains limited in those MS. There is no production in other MS. Each point has the following attributes (where available): status (active, inactive), country, owner name, farm type (Mussels, Oysters, Mussels-Oysters, Clams, Specialised (other), Mixed (other)), production method (Long lines, Trestles or trays, Tanks, Rafts, Beds, Raceways), production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Broodstock, Reproduction, Harvest, Other), purpose (Commercial, Research, Education, Display, Other), species detailed (English translation of the information provided on species grown or authorised in the source), point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), site_id, distance to coast (metres), position from coastline (At sea, within the coastline). The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown or authorised. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown or authorised using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Mussels; Oysters; Clams, cockles, arkshells; Scallops, pectens; Abalones, winkles, conchs; Sea-urchins and other echinoderms) and when available the species name (e.g. Blue mussels - Mytilus edulis). The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the original data map projections, where available. In the other cases it was used the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown. Data from Norway and Bulgaria have been added. Data from France relies on cadastral data rather than large production areas in the previous database.

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    This dataset stems from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Biomass Mandate (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/projects-activities/jrc-biomass-mandate_en) and it is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu) and on the platform from the European Commission’s Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/visualisation/bioeconomy-different-countries_en#algae_prod_plants). Its aim is to build a reliable database to characterize the algae sector and to support informed European policies on Blue Growth and Bioeconomy. More detailed information on the Status of the Algae Production Industry in Europe can be found in a JRC-led study published in Frontiers in Marine Science (https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC122250). Information on the location (geographic coordinates) of the production facilities, group of produced organism (macroalgae, microalgae and spirulina), production method (Fermenters, Harvesting , Photobioreactors, Open ponds, Semi Open ponds, land-based or at sea Aquaculture, Integrated multi-trophic or not) and species (see dataset) have been collected in the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. In November 2021, the JRC has updated the database with the latest information on the production units operational at the time.