Portugal - Portuguese Environmental AgencyHELCOM (Extraction of sand and gravel)
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The dataset on aggregate extraction in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains points representing aggregate extraction sites, by year (although some data are indicated by a period of years), in the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: Id (Identifier), Position Info (e.g.: Estimated, Original, Polygon centroid of dredging area, Estimated polygon centroid of dredging area), Country, Sea basin, Sea, Name of the extraction area, Area of activity (km2), Year (the year when the extraction took place), Permitted Amount (m3) (permitted amount of material to be extracted, in m3), Permitted Amount (t) (permitted amount of material to be extracted, in tonnes), Requested Amount (m3) (requested amount of material to be extracted, in m3), Requested Amount (t) (requested amount of material to be extracted, in tonnes), Extracted Amount (m3) (extracted amount of material, in m3), Extracted Amount (t) (extracted amount of material, in tonnes), Extraction Type (Marine sediment extraction), Purpose (e.g.: Commercial, Others, N/A), End Use (e.g.: Beach nourishment, Construction, Reclamation fill, N/A), Material type (e.g.: sand, gravel, maerl), Notes, Link to Web Sources. In the 2022 update, extraction data until 2021 has been included.