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The geodatabase on dredging in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points representing dredging sites in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: Id (Identifier), Position Information (e.g.: Estimated, Original, Polygon centroid of dredging area, Polygon centroid of dredging polygon), Country, Sea basin, Sea, Extraction Area, Year (when data is for a time period, the first year of the period is indicated), Permitted Amount (m3), Permitted Amount (t), Extracted Amount (m3), Extracted Amount (t), Extraction Type (e.g.: Harbour dredging, Estuary dredging, Sea lane), Purpose (e.g.: Maintenance dredging, Capital dredging, Others), End Use (e.g.: Beach nourishment, Commercialization, Confined deposit, Construction material, Embankment, Filling material, Land deposit, Reuse, Sea disposal, Wetland restoration), Material type (e.g.: silt, sand, gravel), Notes, Link to Web Sources.In the 2021 update, extraction data until 2019 has been included.
The dataset relies on the data collected and processed by the “Service hydrographique et océanographique de la marine” (SHOM) under the product “Wrecks and obstructions”. The product was developed by SHOM to identify objects emerging from the seabed and likely to hinder navigation. The EMODNet dataset focuses on objects of the class wrecks as other obstructions are not relevant from a cultural heritage point of view. Wrecks identified in the dataset are made of all or parts of a grounded or sunk ship or plane. This product covers the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the mainland and French overseas, in which SHOM has a role of centralizing and disseminating nautical information at the national level. In order to provide uniform coverage, present in the English waters of the Channel Islands and in the maritime part of Monaco are also provided. The information used for this product comes from a variety of sources. One source is SHOM internal data collection: mainly surveys carried out by the Hydro-Oceanographic Groups of SHOM; as well as elements appearing on nautical charts in service which have not been surveyed; or information generated by the use of spatial, aerial or lidar surveys. For this product, SHOM also gathers data from external sources: the national Navy (certain vessels of the French navy equipped with underwater investigation equipment carry out interventions by divers and transmit the results of their explorations to SHOM); public bodies: in particular, les Directions Départementale des Territoires et de la Mer (DDTM); port organizations; divers associations (e.g. GRIEME); the DRASSM (department of underwater and underwater archaeological research); or renowned individuals in the world of scuba diving. Attributes include information on the location, the precision of the location, the depth (least deapth) and the precision of the depth, the length of the object, the name, the characteristics of the object after sinking as well as characteristics of the ship before sinking, circumstances of the sinking, the type of ship/wreck. The additional processing carried out by Emodnet consisted in translating the available information from French to English (through partly-automated translation), extracting the year of the sinking when available and calculating the distance to coast. Last update of the product by SHOM was made in November 2020.
The geodatabase on Main Ports - Waste at ports was created in 2018 by CETMAR using the Ports 2013 data available in Eurostat web page (http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/main/home). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). Following the MARPOL Convention waste at ports have been reported by Ports indistincly in cubic meters(m3)and/or in tonnes and classified as oily waste (Annex I), garbage (Annex V), sewage (Annex IV), Harbor Waste (garbage) and Total Amount*. These datasets are updated on an annual basis and includes annual data from 2000 to 2018 (where available) in the following countries: Estonia, Finland, France, Latvia, Portugal, Italy, Greece, Romania, Sweden, Croatia, Malta, Netherlands and Spain.*Total Amounts only report the sum of available values for each of the given units (m3 or tonnes).