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    The dataset has been developped under the SPLASHCOS EU project, involving 20 EU Member States plus Norway, Russia, Ukraine and Switzerland. SPLASHCOS - Submerged Prehistoric Archaeology and Landscapes of the Continental Shelf - is a four-year research network (2009 to 2013) funded by the European Commission under its COST program (Cooperation in Science and Technology) as COST Action TD0902. Its aim is to bring together archaeologists, marine geoscientists, heritage agencies, and commercial and industrial organizations interested in researching, managing and preserving the archives of archaeological and palaeoclimatic information locked up on the drowned prehistoric landscapes of the European continental shelf, and to disseminate that knowledge to a wider audience.

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    The dataset has been developped under the MACHU EU project, involving seven EU MS (BE, DE, NL, PL, PT, UK, SE). The MACHU GIS database provides information about wrecks, sites and objects underwater. MACHU is an applications on Underwater Cultural Heritage providing historic and archaeological information. MACHU is not intended to give exact positions of wrecks an site, in the aim of ensuring their protection.

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    The dataset relies on the data collected and processed by the “Service hydrographique et océanographique de la marine” (SHOM) under the product “Wrecks and obstructions”. The product was developed by SHOM to identify objects emerging from the seabed and likely to hinder navigation. The EMODNet dataset focuses on objects of the class wrecks as other obstructions are not relevant from a cultural heritage point of view. Wrecks identified in the dataset are made of all or parts of a grounded or sunk ship or plane. This product covers the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the mainland and French overseas, in which SHOM has a role of centralizing and disseminating nautical information at the national level. In order to provide uniform coverage, present in the English waters of the Channel Islands and in the maritime part of Monaco are also provided. The information used for this product comes from a variety of sources. One source is SHOM internal data collection: mainly surveys carried out by the Hydro-Oceanographic Groups of SHOM; as well as elements appearing on nautical charts in service which have not been surveyed; or information generated by the use of spatial, aerial or lidar surveys. For this product, SHOM also gathers data from external sources: the national Navy (certain vessels of the French navy equipped with underwater investigation equipment carry out interventions by divers and transmit the results of their explorations to SHOM); public bodies: in particular, les Directions Départementale des Territoires et de la Mer (DDTM); port organizations; divers associations (e.g. GRIEME); the DRASSM (department of underwater and underwater archaeological research); or renowned individuals in the world of scuba diving. Attributes include information on the location, the precision of the location, the depth (least deapth) and the precision of the depth, the length of the object, the name, the characteristics of the object after sinking as well as characteristics of the ship before sinking, circumstances of the sinking, the type of ship/wreck. The additional processing carried out by Emodnet consisted in translating the available information from French to English (through partly-automated translation), extracting the year of the sinking when available and calculating the distance to coast. Last update of the product by SHOM was made in November 2020.

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    The dataset on Natura 2000 sites was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network. It is entirely based on spatial data from the European Environmental Agency (EEA), plus additional info, links and selected EEA data joined to the feature attributes, as well as a calculation by Cogea of marine and coastal location of features. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). Natura 2000 is an ecological network composed of sites designated under the Birds Directive (Special Protection Areas, SPAs) and the Habitats Directive (Sites of Community Importance, SCIs, and Special Areas of Conservation, SACs). The dataset covers the whole EU. Following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, it ceased to be part of the EEA’s institutional networks and governance. In the webmap the EEA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) marine sites, i.e. sites with a marine area percentage higher than 0 (as calculated by the EEA) and (ii) sites that, even if not identified as marine by the EEA, intersect the EEA coastline or that are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline (using a 1 km inner buffer from the EEA coastline). In both cases the COAST_MAR field value=1. The EEA coastline dataset is available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2. Compared with the previous version, this one includes the updated dataset 'Natura 2000 End 2020', published by the EEA in July 2021. For further information (e.g. biogeographic region, directive, habitats, sites, impact, management, species and metadata) please visit the EEA's website hosting the Natura 2000 tabular data.

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    The Common Database on Designated Areas (CDDA) was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network. It is entirely based on GIS Data from the European Environmental Agency's (EEA), plus external links and selected EEA tabular data joined by Cogea to the feature attributes, as well as a calculation by Cogea of marine and coastal location of features.The CDDA is commonly known as 'Nationally designated areas'. The data for the nationally designated protected areas inventory (CDDA) is delivered by the Eionet partnership countries as spatial and tabular information. The inventory began in 1995 under the CORINE programme of the European Commission. The CDDA is now an agreed annual Eionet core data flow maintained by the European Environment Agency (EEA) with support from the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC/BD). The dataset is used by the EEA and e.g. the UNEP-WCMC for their main European and global assessments, products and services. The CDDA is the official source of protected area information from the 38 European countries to the World Database of Protected Areas (WDPA). Following the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, it ceased to be part of the EEA’s institutional networks and governance. The CDDA data can be queried online in the European Nature Information System (EUNIS).The whole dataset is available for download on the EMODnet Human Activities portal. In the webmap the EEA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) marine areas, i.e. areas with a marine percentage higher than 0 and/or a marine "ecotype" (as calculated or reported by the EEA) and (ii) areas that, even if not identified as marine by the EEA, intersect the coastline or that are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline. In both cases the coast_mar field value=1. The coastline datasets are available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2 for continental areas, at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/gisco/geodata/reference-data/administrative-units-statistical-units/countries#countries20 for areas in overseas entities. Geographical coverage of GIS vector boundary data: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kosovo under UNSC Resolution 1244/99, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. EEA does not have permission to distribute some or all sites reported by Estonia, Ireland and Turkey. Compared with the previous release, this one includes the updated dataset 'CDDA_2021_v01_public', published by the EEA in June 2021. For further information please visit the EEA's website.