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    The database on freshwater aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of freshwater finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Scotland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected in Norway only at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. The data for Spain is available through WMS services. There is a pending request to have access to the full data in order to integrate it to the EMODnet dataset. Each point has the following attributes (where available): status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal), country, owner name, farm type (Carp, Diversified pond fish, Eel, Other diversified, Other specialised, Salmonids, Sturgeon, Trout), production method (Closed systems (recirculation), Ponds, Tanks-Raceways, Cages, Quarantine facility, Research facility, Other), production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Put and take fisheries, Restoration of wild stock, Processing facility, Other), purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other), Species from Source (English translation of the information provided on species grown in the source), point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), site_id. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Carps, barbels and other cyprinids; Miscellaneous freshwater fishes; River eels; Salmons, trouts, smelts; Sturgeons, paddlefishes; Tilapias and other cichlids), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown. Data from Belgium, Estonia, France and Lithuania have been added.

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    The database on marine finfish aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of marine finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. There is an obligation for EU MS to inventory all authorized aquaculture sites under the Council Directive 2006/88/EC on animal health requirements. Despite this obligation, the availability of data varies among MS from no data available at all to a complete regularly updated dataset (e.g.in Ireland). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected only in Norway and the UK (Scotland only) at this stage, where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Cyprus, Danmark, Finland, Greece, Ireland, Malta, Norway, Spain and the UK (Scotland only). Data collection is still undergoing in other EU MS and neighbouring countries. Each point has the following attributes (where available): Country, Owner name, Status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal, n.a.), Farm type (Flatfish, Diversified farm, Other specialised farm, Salmon, Salmonids, Seabass-seabream, Trout,Tuna, n.a.), Production method (Sea cages, Saltwater tanks/raceways, Saltwater ponds, Saltwater closed (recirculation), Quarantine, Other, n.a.), Production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Reproduction, Restoration of wild stock, Put and take fisheries, Processing facility, Salughtering facility, Other, n.a.), Purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other, n.a.), Products detailed (detailed product information names as presented in the source and translated to English), Point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), Site_ID. The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Cods, hakes, haddocks; Flounders, halibuts, soles; Miscellaneous coastal fishes, Miscellaneous demersal fishes; Miscellaneous pelagic fishes; Salmons, trouts, smelts;Tunas, bonitos, billfishes), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Compared with the previous version this new version has been not only updated but was also reviewed (dataset schema and attributes values), in order to add information on production methods, production stages and purposes and to provide a more useful typology based on species grown.

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    The database on Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the EU was created in 2021 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources. It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains polygons, points and lines (where available) representing Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Finland and Latvia. Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) database is made up of 3 types of spatial features: MSP Spatial Plan, MSP Zoning Element and MSP Supplementary Regulation. Also there is a non spatial feature called MSP Official Documentation. The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in.

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    The dataset on offshore wells for Oil and Gas activities in the EU was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several EU and non-EU sources. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). It contains points representing offshore wells drilled in the following countries: Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Greece (only for western coast), Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, and United Kingdom. Where available each point has the following attributes: status (active, abandoned, other, suspended, N/A), country, code, name, year (spud date), purpose (exploitation, exploration, other), content (crude oil, natural gas, crude oil and natural gas, dry, other), operator, drilling company/facility, distance to coast (metres) and water depth (metres). Compared with the previous version this new version has been updated for most of the countries that have published or sent their last release of data.

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    The geodatabase on coastal Nuclear Power Plants was created in 2019 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several EU and non-EU sources. It is available for viewing and download on the EMODnet Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The geodatabase contains points representing nuclear power plants sites in the following countries: Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and UK. Where available each point has the following attributes: EMODnet Code, Plant Name, Country, Status (Operational, Permanently shut down, Planned, Under construction), Number of Reactors, Thermal Capacity (MW), Gross Capacity (MW), Net Capacity (MW), Location (Municipality), Water Source, Latitude, Longitude. Additional informations about reactors are stored in a separated table and are related to the point feature class. Where available for each reactor the following attributes are reported: EMODnet Code, Plant Name, Status (Operational, Permanently shut down, Planned, Under construction), Type, Model, Fuel Type, Thermal Capacity (MW), Gross Capacity (MW), Net Capacity (MW), Operator, Nuclear Steam Supply System (NSSS), Construction Year, Construction Month, Criticality Year, Criticality Month, Connection to the Grid Year, Connection to the Grid Month, Shut Down Year, Shut Down Month. The dataset will be updated every year.

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    The dataset relies on the data collected and processed by the “Service hydrographique et océanographique de la marine” (SHOM) under the product “Wrecks and obstructions”. The product was developed by SHOM to identify objects emerging from the seabed and likely to hinder navigation. The EMODNet dataset focuses on objects of the class wrecks as other obstructions are not relevant from a cultural heritage point of view. Wrecks identified in the dataset are made of all or parts of a grounded or sunk ship or plane. This product covers the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of the mainland and French overseas, in which SHOM has a role of centralizing and disseminating nautical information at the national level. In order to provide uniform coverage, present in the English waters of the Channel Islands and in the maritime part of Monaco are also provided. The information used for this product comes from a variety of sources. One source is SHOM internal data collection: mainly surveys carried out by the Hydro-Oceanographic Groups of SHOM; as well as elements appearing on nautical charts in service which have not been surveyed; or information generated by the use of spatial, aerial or lidar surveys. For this product, SHOM also gathers data from external sources: the national Navy (certain vessels of the French navy equipped with underwater investigation equipment carry out interventions by divers and transmit the results of their explorations to SHOM); public bodies: in particular, les Directions Départementale des Territoires et de la Mer (DDTM); port organizations; divers associations (e.g. GRIEME); the DRASSM (department of underwater and underwater archaeological research); or renowned individuals in the world of scuba diving. Attributes include information on the location, the precision of the location, the depth (least deapth) and the precision of the depth, the length of the object, the name, the characteristics of the object after sinking as well as characteristics of the ship before sinking, circumstances of the sinking, the type of ship/wreck. The additional processing carried out by Emodnet consisted in translating the available information from French to English (through partly-automated translation), extracting the year of the sinking when available and calculating the distance to coast. Last update of the product by SHOM was made in November 2020.

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    This dataset stems from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Biomass Mandate (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/projects-activities/jrc-biomass-mandate_en) and it is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu) and on the platform from the European Commission’s Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/visualisation/bioeconomy-different-countries_en#algae_prod_plants). Its aim is to build a reliable database to characterize the algae sector and to support informed European policies on Blue Growth and Bioeconomy. More detailed information on the Status of the Algae Production Industry in Europe can be found in a JRC-led study published in Frontiers in Marine Science (https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC122250). Information on the location (geographic coordinates) of the production facilities, group of produced organism (macroalgae, microalgae and spirulina), production method (Fermenters, Harvesting , Photobioreactors, Open ponds, Semi Open ponds, land-based or at sea Aquaculture, Integrated multi-trophic or not) and species (see dataset) have been collected in the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. In November 2021, the JRC has updated the database with the latest information on the production units operational at the time.

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    The database on maritime boundaries in the EU was created in 2014 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by EEA (https://www.eea.europa.eu/) and Marine Regions (http://marineregions.org/). It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains polylines representing maritime boundaries (territorial waters, bi- or multi-lateral boundaries (e.g. in the North Sea) as well as contiguous and exclusive economic zones) in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK and third countries related to them. Each polyline has the following attributes (where available): MBLSZOTPID, LocalId, Site Name, Legal Foundation Date, Legal Foundation Document, Country, nationalLe, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics and Type of Agreement. For the case of the Coastline database, the following attributes are included (where available): FID_Europe, Shape_Leng, Source, Shape_Le_1, Shape_Le_2.

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    This dataset provides the location of lighthouses inventoried by the Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society (ARLS). It includes both existing lighthouses and historical ones that have been removed, relocated or destroyed (column Status). The dataset includes the name of the lighthouse, its code in the ARLSH database and the gridsquare within which it is located. Coordinates are approximate for most of the lighthouses.

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    The database on offshore Dredge dumping sites in the EU was created in 2015 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources. It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (www.emodnet-humanactivities.eu). The database contains points and/or (where available) polygons representing offshore Dredge dumping sites in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. Each point and/or polygon has the following attributes (where available): INDEX_ID, Site name, Country, Dredge ID, Dredged material, Year of operation, Information provider, Distance to coast (m) and Distance from centroid to coast (m)(This last attribute only appears for polygon data). The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in.