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The dataset combines data collected from several sources: data collected and processed by the “Service hydrographique et océanographique de la marine” (SHOM) under the product “Wrecks and obstructions” for France (Hexagone and outermost regions and territories), The National Monument Service Wreck Viewer for Ireland, Historic England and the University of Oxford - The Oxford Roman Economy Project (Strauss, J. (2013). Shipwrecks Database. Version 1.0. Accessed (date): oxrep.classics.ox.ac.uk/databases/shipwrecks_database/) for archeological remains of ship wrecks in the Mediterranean. The different products were developed with different purposes and therefore provide information of different nature. The product developed by SHOM aims to identify objects emerging from the seabed and likely to hinder navigation, while the three other products focus on the historical value of the wrecks. The choice was made to keep as much information as possible. When possible fields from different sources have been merged (e.g. least depth available in SHOM data and the Oxford Roman Economy Project), but other fields correspond to a specific source. When available, information is provided on the nature of the objects (object description, ship characteristics, object type, artefacts, estimated tonnage), on the aging of the wrecks (sink year, dating, period), on the circumstances of the sinking (sink context, place of origine, place of destination), on the location (least depth, max depth, other depth information, object length, location precision, site area, coast distance), on the protection status (only for England) and on sources and additional information available (source information, references, website, website 2). The additional processing carried out by EMODnet consisted in translating the available information to English (through partly-automated translation), extracting the year of the sinking when available and calculating the distance to coast. Last update of the product by SHOM was made in November 2021, last update of the Historic England data was made in August 2021, update of the National Monument Service Wreck Viewer in Ireland was made I April 2018 and the Oxford Roman Economy Project was carried out in 2013.
This dataset has been created in 2022 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It contains coastal and marine protected areas in the European seas for those countries that are not covered by the the EEA's Common Database on Designated Areas (CDDA). This dataset is entirely based on GIS Data from the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), the most comprehensive global database of marine and terrestrial protected areas, plus external links and selected tabular data joined by Cogea to the feature attributes, as well as the calculation of marine and coastal location of features. The WDPA is a joint project between UN Environment Programme and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and is managed by UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), in collaboration with governments, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. The whole datatset is made available online through Protected Planet at https://www.protectedplanet.net/en, where the data are both viewable and downloadable, while the EMODnet subset of data is available at the EMODnet Human Activities portal. In the webmap the WDPA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) predominantly or entirely marine areas (MARINE field value=2), and (ii) areas, which even if not identified as predominantly or entirely marine in the WDPA, intersect the coastline or are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline. In both cases the COAST_MAR field value=1. The coastline dataset is available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2 for continental areas, at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/gisco/geodata/reference-data/administrative-units-statistical-units/countries#countries20 for areas in overseas entities. Countries coverage of GIS vector boundary data is: Algeria, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Lebanon, Monaco, Morocco, Palestine, Russian Federation, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine and the United Kingdom (including Guernsey, Isle of Man, and Jersey). For further information please visit the Protected Planet website.
The database on freshwater aquaculture in the EU was created in 2017 by AND-International for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). The dataset provides information about the location of freshwater finfish farms in the EU and partner countries where data are available. For EU MS, it relies mainly on data collected under the Regulation (EU) 2016/429 (the ‘Animal Health Law’). As far as partner countries are concerned, data have been collected in Norway and in the UK (Scotland only), where detailed data are provided online. Data provided here cover Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Ireland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, Spain, and the UK (Scotland only). Each point has the following attributes (where available): status (Active, Expired, Inactive, Renewal), country, owner name, farm type (Carp, Diversified pond fish, Eel, Other diversified, Other specialised, Salmonids, Sturgeon, Trout), production method (Closed systems (recirculation), Ponds, Tanks/Raceways, Cages/Enclosures/Pens, Quarantine facility, Research facility, Other), production stage (Grow out for human consumption, Hatchery, Nursery, Brood stock, Put and take fisheries, Restoration of wild stock, Processing facility, Other), purpose (Commercial, Restocking, Other), Species from Source (English translation of the information provided on species grown in the source), point information (Polygon centroid, Original) depending on how the information is provided in the source (polygons or points), site_id and source_id (id from the source where available). The farm type relies on a typology established by AND-International, based on available information on species grown. A relational table provides harmonised information about species grown using Eurostat nomenclature for the Species Group (Carps, barbels and other cyprinids; Miscellaneous freshwater fishes; River eels; Salmons, trouts, smelts; Sturgeons, paddlefishes; Tilapias and other cichlids), the species name (commercial and scientific) and the code. Data have been updated for Austria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom. Data from Spain have been added.
The datasets on fishing intensity in the EU waters were created in 2021 by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). Fisheries overview data concern: i) the spatial distribution of average annual fishing effort (mW fishing hours) by ecoregion and gear type (Beam trawls, Bottom otter trawls, Bottom seines, Dredges, Pelagic trawls and seines, Static gears, where available) in the Azores and Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast (2018–2021), Baltic Sea (2019-2020), Barents Sea, Celtic Seas, Faroes, Greater North Sea, Icelandic Waters, Norwegian Sea and Oceanic Northeast Atlantic (2017-2020). Fishing effort data are only shown for vessels >12 m having vessel monitoring systems (VMS); ii) the average annual subsurface (top) and surface (bottom) mobile bottom contacting fishing gear (i.e. bottom otter trawls, bottom seines, dredges, beam trawls) disturbance by ecoregion in the Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast (2018–2021), Baltic Sea (2019-2020), Barents Sea, Celtic Seas, Faroes, Greater North Sea, Icelandic Waters, Norwegian Sea and Oceanic Northeast Atlantic (2017-2020), expressed as average swept-area ratios (SAR). Due to data confidentiality issues, VMS/logbook data are anonymized and aggregated in a 0.05×0.05 degree grid prior to submission to ICES, using the C-square geocode system (polygons). The dataset is updated yearly and as soon as new data from ICES are released.
The dataset on Ocean Energy projects in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of data provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains points representing Ocean Energy project sites in the following countries: Belgium, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Monaco, Norway, Portugal, Russia, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: site code (ID_1), project code (ID), name, location, country, sea basin, distance to coast (metres), resource type (wave, tidal, salinity gradient, wave/wind), starting year, ending year, lease status, technology (Based on www.aquaret.com/), device, device scale (Full scale, prototype, etc.), project scale (Commercial, Demonstrator Array, etc.), project status (operational, completed, etc.), project capacity (KW), promoter, position info (it indicates if the attribute value is original from the source or has been estimated or calculated the polygon centroid) and the studies conducted for the environmental assessment (EIA). In 2022, new data has been included and existing data has been updated.
The dataset on offshore installations for Oil and Gas exploitation and exploration activities was created in 2015 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several EU and non-EU sources. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). It contains points representing offshore installations and where available each point has the following attributes: ID, name, country, location block, operator, production start year, primary production, current status, category and function of the installation, sub-structure and topside weights (tonnes), water depth (metres), distance to coast (metres) and notes. The OSPAR commission source covers data for Germany, Ireland, Spain (Atlantic Sea), while for Italy data have been collected and harmonized from the Italian Ministry of Economic Development, for Denmark from the Danish Energy Agency, for the Netherlands from the TNO - Geological Survey of the Netherlands, for Croatia from the Croatian Hydrocarbon Agency, for Norway from the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, for the UK from the Oil and Gas Authority (surface infrastructures), for Polish and Russian installations in the Baltic Sea from Marine Traffic and Helcom, finally from Marine Traffic come the data for Bulgarian, Russian and Ukrainian installations in the Black Sea and for Lybian and Spanish installations in the Mediterranean Sea. Compared with the previous version this new version has been updated for all countries.
This dataset stems from the Joint Research Centre (JRC) Biomass Mandate (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/projects-activities/jrc-biomass-mandate_en) and it is available for viewing and download on EMODnet web portal (Human Activities, https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities) and on the platform from the European Commission’s Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy (https://knowledge4policy.ec.europa.eu/visualisation/bioeconomy-different-countries_en#algae_prod_plants). The dataset provides information on the location (geographic coordinates and country) of the production facilities and their related info as the group of produced organism (macroalgae, microalgae and spirulina), the step in the value chain (Producer, Processor, Technology provider, Consultancy, Research and Development, Trader/Exporter) the production method (Fermenters, Harvesting , Photobioreactors, Open ponds, Semi Open ponds, land-based or at sea Aquaculture, Integrated multi-trophic or not) and the species farmed (see dataset). The data have been collected for the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. The JRC, through a study commissioned for the Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy in September 2022, has updated the database with the latest information and extended the scope to new socio-economic data, which are made available as a dataset collection (https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC129053) and an accompanying report (https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC130107). More detailed information on the Status of the Algae Producing Industry in Europe can be found in a scientific publication in Frontiers in Marine Science (https://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC122250). All this work by the JRC aims at building a reliable database to characterize the algae sector and to support informed European policies on Blue Growth and Bioeconomy.
The dataset on offshore pipelines in the EU was created in 2017 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all over the EU (plus Norway). The database contains lines representing the actual routes of offshore pipelines (where available) in the following countries: Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Spain (Andalucía), Sweden and United Kingdom. Each line has the following harmonized attributes (where available): code, name, status (abandoned, active, application submitted, not in use, planned, pre-commissioning, proposed, under construction), medium (air, chemical glycol, chemical methanol, chemical n/a, condensate, control, cooling water, gas, geothermal heating, hydraulic, mixed hydrocarbons, oil, other fluid, sewage, water), operator, size (inches), length (metres), year, from and to locality or facility, country code, country name and notes. Compared with the previous version, this new version includes updated data from Helcom and Nord Stream 2 sources.
The dataset on maritime transport includes goods, passengers and vessels traffic data in the EU main ports and was created in 2014 by Eurofish and Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the harmonization and aggregation on annual basis of the quarterly EUROSTAT Maritime transport data, provided by port in the EU Member States, Montenegro, Norway, Turkey and the UK. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). EUROSTAT data have been related to the 'Ports 2013' GISCO's points georeferenced dataset. Goods traffic data are reported in thousand tonnes by type of cargo and direction. Passengers traffic data are reported in thousand passengers (excluding cruise passengers) by direction and traffic type. Vessels traffic data are reported in unit and gross tonnage (thousand) of vessels by vessel size class and vessel type. Where available, the latest update includes data from 1997 up to 2021.
The dataset on dredging activities in the EU was created in 2014 by AZTI for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources from all across the EU. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains points representing dredging sites in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, The Netherlands and United Kingdom. Where available, each point has the following attributes: Id (Identifier), Position Information (e.g.: Estimated, Original, Polygon centroid of dredging area, Polygon centroid of dredging polygon), Country, Sea basin, Sea, Extraction Area, Year (when data is for a time period, the first year of the period is indicated), Permitted Amount (m3), Permitted Amount (t), Extracted Amount (m3), Extracted Amount (t), Extraction Type (e.g.: Harbour dredging, Estuary dredging, Sea lane), Purpose (e.g.: Maintenance dredging, Capital dredging, Others), End Use (e.g.: Beach nourishment, Commercialization, Confined deposit, Construction material, Embankment, Filling material, Land deposit, Reuse, Sea disposal, Wetland restoration), Material type (e.g.: silt, sand, gravel), Notes, Link to Web Sources. In the 2022 update, extraction data until 2020 has been included.