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  • Categories  

    The datasets on fishing intensity in the EU waters were created in 2021 by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES). Fisheries overview data concern: i) the spatial distribution of average annual fishing effort (mW fishing hours) by ecoregion and gear type (Beam trawls, Bottom otter trawls, Bottom seines, Dredges, Pelagic trawls and seines, Static gears, where available) in the Azores and Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast (2018–2021), Baltic Sea (2019-2020), Barents Sea, Celtic Seas, Faroes, Greater North Sea, Icelandic Waters, Norwegian Sea and Oceanic Northeast Atlantic (2017-2020). Fishing effort data are only shown for vessels >12 m having vessel monitoring systems (VMS); ii) the average annual subsurface (top) and surface (bottom) mobile bottom contacting fishing gear (i.e. bottom otter trawls, bottom seines, dredges, beam trawls) disturbance by ecoregion in the Bay of Biscay and the Iberian Coast (2018–2021), Baltic Sea (2019-2020), Barents Sea, Celtic Seas, Faroes, Greater North Sea, Icelandic Waters, Norwegian Sea and Oceanic Northeast Atlantic (2017-2020), expressed as average swept-area ratios (SAR). Due to data confidentiality issues, VMS/logbook data are anonymized and aggregated in a 0.05×0.05 degree grid prior to submission to ICES, using the C-square geocode system (polygons). The dataset is updated yearly and as soon as new data from ICES are released.

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    The dataset has been developped under the MACHU EU project, involving seven EU MS (BE, DE, NL, PL, PT, UK, SE). The MACHU GIS database provides information about wrecks, sites and objects underwater. MACHU is an applications on Underwater Cultural Heritage providing historic and archaeological information. MACHU is not intended to give exact positions of wrecks an site, in the aim of ensuring their protection.

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    The database on maritime boundaries in the EU was created in 2014 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by EEA (https://www.eea.europa.eu/) and Marine Regions (http://marineregions.org/). It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains polylines representing maritime boundaries (territorial waters, bi- or multi-lateral boundaries (e.g. in the North Sea) as well as contiguous and exclusive economic zones) in the following countries: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK and third countries related to them. Each polyline has the following attributes (where available): MBLSZOTPID, LocalId, Site Name, Legal Foundation Date, Legal Foundation Document, Country, nationalLe, Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics and Type of Agreement. For the case of the Coastline database, the following attributes are included (where available): FID_Europe, Shape_Leng, Source, Shape_Le_1, Shape_Le_2.

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    The database on Desalination plants in the EU was created in 2021 by Cogea srl for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the harmonization of a dataset provided by GWI DesalData. The dataset provides spatial information (point) on the centroid of the municipality where a given plant is located. It is available for viewing and download on EMODnet - Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities) and will be updated every year. The dataset covers the following countries: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Jersey, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK, Ukraine. Where available, each point has the following attributes: site code (ID), Location Name, Country, Position Source, Commune Name, NUTS code (NUTS 3 ID), Latitude, Longitude. A relational table provides further information for each desalination plant where data are available: Location Type, Project, Capacity (m3/d), Size, Units, Unit Size (m3/d), Technology, Feedwater, Plant Type, Award Date, Online Date, Plant Status, Customer Type, Industry Type, Customer, Holding Company, Plant Owner. More plant-specific information is available in the original dataset.

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    The database on offshore wind farms in the EU was created in 2014 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources. It is updated every year and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains points and/or (where available) polygons representing offshore wind farms in the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. Each point has the following attributes (where available): Name, Nº of turbines, Status (Approved, Planned, Dismantled, Construction, Production, Test site), Country, Year, Power (MW), Distance to coast (metres) and Area (square kilometres). The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in.

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    The dataset on first sales of fish in the EU was created in 2016 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It originates from the data on monthly first sales of fish made available by the European Market for Fisheries and Aquaculture products (EUMOFA). EUMOFA data have been related to the fish markets locations (points) made available in DG MARE's Master Data Register, revised when necessary according to the United Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations database (UN/LOCODE) and according to the EUROSTAT/GISCO dataset on main ports locations. Volume (net weight in kg), value (Euro) and price (Euro/kg) data are provided for each fish species in each place of sale by year, month, Commodity Group (CG), Main Commercial Species (MCS), EU's Electronic recording and reporting system (ERS) name, size class, preservation state and presentation state (aggregated by group and disaggregated by presentation type). The geographic coverage of available data is: Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, France, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the UK. The dataset is updated twice a year. It covers a time series from 2003 to 2022, where available. The EUMOFA is a fully-fledged observatory, but it is also a work in progress and its coverage is constantly revised by adding or removing locations and species. Compared with the previous version, this new version of the dataset includes an update to September 2022 (for the countries which sent their data to EUMOFA).

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    The database on fishing effort in the EU waters was created in 2020 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the elaboration of the Economic and Transversal data (19-06 - AER, Version 1.2) of the Scientific, Technical and Economic Committee for Fisheries (STECF) of the EU Commission (JRC). STECF data have been related to georeferenced FAO's fishing statistical areas and to Geographical subareas (GSAs) of the FAO's General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM). Days at sea, Fishing days, GT fishing days, kW fishing days data are provided for each available FAO fishing statistical area and GSA, by year of reference, Country, fishing technology, vessel length classes, supra region and geographical indicator. The dataset is updated yearly, as soon as new data from STECF are released. It covers a time series from 2008 to 2018.

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    The dataset on offshore active licences for Oil and Gas exploitation and exploration in the EU was created in 2014 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several EU and non-EU sources. It is updated every year, and is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). It contains polygons representing the currently active licences for the following countries: Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Spain and United Kingdom. Where available each polygon has the following attributes: country, code, name, type (exploitation, exploration, exploitation and exploration, other), licensing round (it includes also pending applications in Spain), area (square km), area info (it indicates if the area value is original from the source or has been calculated), valid from, valid to, operator or administrator, notes. Compared with the previous release, Maltese open areas and blocks for hydrocarbon licensing are now available. Currently there are no active licenced areas in the French and Portuguese waters and no data available in the Black Sea.

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    This dataset has been created in 2022 by Cogea for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It contains coastal and marine protected areas in the European seas for those countries that are not covered by the the EEA's Common Database on Designated Areas (CDDA). This dataset is entirely based on GIS Data from the World Database on Protected Areas (WDPA), the most comprehensive global database of marine and terrestrial protected areas, plus external links and selected tabular data joined by Cogea to the feature attributes, as well as the calculation of marine and coastal location of features. The WDPA is a joint project between UN Environment Programme and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and is managed by UN Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC), in collaboration with governments, non-governmental organisations, academia and industry. The whole datatset is made available online through Protected Planet at https://www.protectedplanet.net/en, where the data are both viewable and downloadable, while the EMODnet subset of data is available at the EMODnet Human Activities portal. In the webmap the WDPA dataset has been filtered by Cogea to show only (i) predominantly or entirely marine areas (MARINE field value=2), and (ii) areas, which even if not identified as predominantly or entirely marine in the WDPA, intersect the coastline or are within a distance of 1 km from the coastline. In both cases the COAST_MAR field value=1. The coastline dataset is available at https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/eea-coastline-for-analysis-2 for continental areas, at https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/gisco/geodata/reference-data/administrative-units-statistical-units/countries#countries20 for areas in overseas entities. Countries coverage of GIS vector boundary data is: Algeria, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Lebanon, Monaco, Morocco, Palestine, Russian Federation, Tunisia, Turkey, Ukraine and the United Kingdom (including Guernsey, Isle of Man, and Jersey). For further information please visit the Protected Planet website.

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    The database on Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the EU was created in 2021 by CETMAR for the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet). It is the result of the aggregation and harmonization of datasets provided by several sources. It is updated as soon a new plan is adopted by an EU member state and it is available for viewing and download on EMODnet Human Activities web portal (https://emodnet.ec.europa.eu/en/human-activities). The database contains polygons, points and lines (where available) representing Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) in the following countries: Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Poland and Sweden. Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) database is made up of 3 types of spatial features: MSP Spatial Plan, MSP Zoning Element and MSP Supplementary Regulation. Also there is a non spatial feature called MSP Official Documentation. The distance to coast (EEA coastline shapefile) has been calculated using the UTM WGS84 Zone projected coordinate system where data fall in.